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Damaged Skin — Bruises, Knocks and Bumps

Understand It Better — Take Better Care of It

Knocks and falls often leave a mark! A goose egg that appears in a few minutes or a large bruise that changes colours are signs that can help you evaluate how a contusion has impacted your skin and know the right thing to do. A lesion can look different depending on how rough the knock and where it occurred. Cosmetic and surgical procedures can also cause skin lesions.
  1. What is an ecchymosis?
  2. What is an oedema?
  3. What is a haematoma?
Damaged Skin — Bruises, Knocks and Bumps

What is an ecchymosis?

An ecchymosis occurs when small blood vessels in the skin rupture after an impact. Blood and red blood cells accumulate in neighbouring tissues and form a visible coloured spot on the skin’s surface. This bruise is often painful to the touch; the harder the knock, the more painful it is. The colour of an ecchymosis changes over time as the haemoglobin in the red blood cells is resorbed into the skin. The ecchymosis starts out red, then becomes black, blue and finally, green. At the end of the capillary repair process, it is yellow/brown and remains that colour for one to two weeks. But it can take longer if the lesion is large. The different colours correspond to the various stages the haemoglobin accumulated in the skin goes through as it breaks down. 

What is an oedema?

An oedema — also called a bump — occurs when the skin swells at the place of impact. It can appear rapidly after the knock. It is triggered by a blood plasma effusion in the neighbouring tissues. Plasma is the fluid in which the red blood cells circulate inside the blood vessels.

What is a haematoma?

A haematoma is the combination of an ecchymosis (bruise) and an oedema (bump). The first thing you should do is to apply compression and ice to the area impacted or to speed up elimination with targeted active ingredients before seeing a doctor, if necessary.