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Be in the know about hyperpigmentation

Some skin types are more prone to hyperpigmentation. It may be because of the skin’s natural response to sun exposure or a disorder, it is also possible to prevent it.

Let’s start the lesson by explaining what hyperpigmentation is and how it looks on the skin.


What is hyperpigmentation?

If the causes of hyperpigmentation can be various, the result is always quite the same: it is a skin condition in which you notice darker and lighter areas on your skin, like an uneven tan. So what is the cause of this skin condition?

You probably already know that tanning is due to the amount of melanin produced in your skin or to be more accurate, that your melanocytes produce melanin, causing your skin tone to become deeper. The more melanin your body is producing, the deeper your skin tone will become.

So when it comes to hyperpigmentation, you want to have a closer look at these melanocytes. If some of these cells are, for any reason unhealthy or damaged, it will disturb the melanin production and therefore lead to skin pigmentation disorders.


  How can you prevent and reduce hyperpigmentation?

The best way to prevent pigmentation spots is to treat depending on the kind of hyperpigmentation you are prone to. Indeed, if, as we explained before, the hyperpigmentation of your skin is almost always due to a malfunction of your melanocytes, the reason for the malfunction can vary. That’s why our advice will be different from one case to another.


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If you have a tendency to develop freckles and beauty spots

This condition concerns mostly fair skins, moles and freckles usually appear in our first 30 years of life and can change appearance in future years. As attractive as beauty spots may be it is still a type of hyperpigmentation and you need to protect your skin.

Skin cancer is on the rise, and it is more important than ever to be protected.

To do so, one watchword: sun protection. Every time you go out, apply a highly protective sunscreen on all your body parts that are going to be exposed to the sun. The best thing is to go for a SPF 50+, such as in most of our Photoderm products. This will help to protect from the harmful ultraviolet rays that disrupt the production of melanin.

By the way, did you know that you should get checked once a year for skin cancer? Seeing a dermatologist is essential for your health, especially for fair & light skin tones.


  What are age spots and liver spots

As your skin matures over the years, it is very likely that you will notice small dark spots on your face, hands or arms. This is what is referred to as age spots and liver spots.

That’s why BIODERMA developed Photoderm SPOT SPF 50+. As mentioned previously, you should always be looking for at least a SFP 50+. Plus, one of Photoderm SPOT’s main active ingredients is glabridin, that blocks the pigmentation of your skin. In addition, this anti-brown spots sunscreen prevents ageing thanks to its high concentration in antioxidants. It is advised to be used before and/or after laser treatment and is suitable after a dermatological procedure.


  If you have a healing wound

When the surface of your skin is injured you are likely to have damaged the dermis which is where you will find your melanocytes. So if you expose the healing tissue to the sun, the disturbed melanocytes will not be able to answer properly to the UV rays: the surrounding skin of the scar may burn and cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

To avoid your damaged skin to darken with the sun, use Cicabio Cream SPF 50+. This cream will accelerate the healing process to repair your damaged skin, and so allow your melanocytes to get back to work. Plus, its formula and high sun protection factor limits scar and hyperpigmentation that would cause a too early sun exposure.


  If you develop melasma during your pregnancy

Melasma also known as pregnancy mask is due to the hormonal changes in the body that leads your skin to be more prone to hyperpigmentation. It occurs mostly during pregnancy, however it may also develop in woman that are not pregnant and men due to hormone changes.

For this particular skin concern, Photoderm M SPF50+ is ideal. It will help to brighten and prevent the pigmentation occurring in concerned area.

Now you’re up to speed on everything about hyperpigmentation! Just to note, sun exposure can have many different effects on different skin types or skin conditions. For example, if you have acne-prone skin it is very important to adapt your skin care routine in summer so go and have a look at our Sebium range; and do not hesitate to contact our skin experts for tips!

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