Corticoid creams are the most effective treatment for eczema flare-ups. Used properly under medical supervision, this treatment effectively treats each flare-up and improves the quality of life of children and parents. You shouldn’t be afraid of these treatments; their poor reputation is often undeserved.
To learn more about the skin of babies and young children, explore responses from dermatologists and allergists to questions submitted by internet users during chat sessions organised by Bioderma.
Obviously, your daughter has atopic skin. You should see a dermatologist to treat it specifically. In the meantime, avoid long baths, use cleansing oils and moisturise her skin once or twice a day with lipid-enriched balms tailored to the atopic skin of babies, which are sold in pharmacies.
It’s possible but that isn’t a usual cause of eczema flare-ups.
In atopic children, water hardness (its calcium content) can aggravate skin dryness. In non-atopic children, this has no impact.
Applying moisturising cream can be beneficial even for normal skin, in particular during winter (when the dry cold weather can affect the skin).
The arrival of the (dry) cold weather and turning on your central heating (which is often insufficiently humidified) can explain this recent dryness. During this period you should use a soap-free cleanser and a good moisturiser (a cold cream or, if that isn’t enough, a product designed for dry atopic skin).
Prevention is used for “at-risk” children, namely children with at least one allergy-prone parent. In these cases, for example, we know that it is best to avoid contact with cats during the first few weeks. As regards treatment, outbreaks of eczema should be treated as early as possible with anti-inflammatory medications (cream corticoids). Changes in the skin barrier should be treated every day with an emollient.
If your baby has normal skin she can stay in the bath as long as the water is warm enough to prevent her from catching cold. Bath bubbles can be a source of irritation. However, you can use a soap-free foaming cleansing product without any problem.
Potassium permanganate, or the chemical KMnO4, should be diluted as instructed by the dermatologist before use. This way it won’t sting and is a good product to use. Then use a cold cream or a fragrance-free nourishing cream.
It is best to use compresses and physiological serum to cleanse the eyes.
There have been no scientific studies into this problem. However, we have indeed seen that babies have skin problems when they are teething, in particular on the bottom, but we do not know the exact cause.
Consult a dermatologist. Atopic dermatitis is the number 1 reason for consulting a dermatologist and it is now very easy to treat.
The skin should be cleansed with mild, soap-free products. Baths should not contain foaming solutions. They should be fairly short and given every two or three days. It is often helpful to apply a moisturising cream every day. Atopic children should not be overdressed because they don’t like heat. At night, it is often helpful to use long pyjamas that cover the skin well. All of this advice and specific medical treatment should be addressed during a visit to your doctor. Lastly, you should avoid diets without medical advice.
For cradle cap, you should use a special shampoo or lotion containing a low level of urea. It is best to ask your pharmacist for advice because there are several products to choose from. After applying the lotion or shampoo, gently remove the crusts. Be sure to use the treatment regularly to keep crusts from forming (once or twice a week).
If she has dry skin, you can use a moisturiser starting in the first few weeks, but choose a cream suitable for her age (under 36 months).
The only solution is to gradually wean your baby off the dummy… Skin is irritated when constantly in contact with saliva. There is no effective treatment if the dummy is constantly in contact with the lips.
If your child is not atopic, you can definitely let him stay in the water for 20 minutes without any problems.
You can change product and use a water paste, alternating with a soothing repairing cream, such as Cicabio crème.
First, try to stop him from salivating excessively (dummy, blankie, etc.) and use a fluoride-free toothpaste. To treat the patches around the mouth, first use a colourless antiseptic that doesn’t sting, and then apply ABCDerm Péri-oral cream (3 times a day until they clear up).
Your daughter probably has superinfected eczema. You should consult a dermatologist as soon as possible.
Before applying any cream I recommend that you use a cleanser formulated for dry skin, don’t let him spend too long in the bath or use too hot water, and make sure you dry his skin gently but thoroughly by patting with a towel. You should apply a moisturising skin restorative cream twice a day if possible.
You can use a cream specially formulated for irritations around the mouth which will protect the skin from the aggressive action of saliva. However, it is unlikely you will be able to resolve this skin problem completely until you stop using the dummy altogether.
You should apply a moisturising face cream specially designed for babies under 36 months. If the dry skin persists, consult your paediatrician.
It can indeed be difficult sometimes. If the moisturising cream stings your child, you should be sure the treatment is appropriate and that any eczema patches are treated with a specific treatment. If the cream stings without eczema, you should try to change creams. And if the cream doesn’t sting but your child doesn’t like being “basted”, you should try to draw her attention to something else while you are applying the cream. For example, you could invent a game related to the cream and your child could participate. You should always try to apply skin care products in a fun context.
If your baby has dry skin, you should apply a moisturising cream after a bath, or occasionally put baby oil in the bath. Even if your child doesn’t have dry skin, applying a moisturising cream after a bath can create a special time for you to bond with your baby.
It is best to use a small amount of gel or soap-free cleansing bar to cleanse your baby. These products can be used every time you give him a bath.
To cleanse a baby’s nappy area, you can use cleansing water or wipes, which don’t contain alcohol nowadays.
Don’t wash them too often and make sure you apply a protective cream to their skin before going out.
They are all OK, there isn’t one particular product that is more recommended than another for changing. It is up to you to choose which product is best for you and your baby.
Pityriasis alba occurs as areas of dry, white skin. A moisturising cream should be applied to these areas, but even with this treatment the whitest areas (depigmentation) generally last several months. They tend to be more visible after the summer.
An eczema break-out is an inflammation of the skin. So you can use a local anti-inflammatory treatment. Cortisone creams are the most effective form of treatment. They are prescribed by a doctor for a limited period. They are very effective on eczema break-outs and aren’t dangerous for children if used properly.
You can use a water paste or cream specially formulated to protect baby’s nappy area. This redness primarily occurs during diarrhoea episodes. If the redness does not disappear after around ten days, you should ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice. The most effective preventive treatment is changing baby’s nappy often to prevent maceration. You should avoid using cotton nappies, which aggravate maceration.
You can use a protective cream in order to prevent any redness before it appears; this will protect the skin from the irritating stools. Once the redness has appeared, you should apply a repairing water paste.
Continue moisturising at least twice a day with an intense moisturising cream (balm).
In winter you can use a cold cream specially formulated for the face, and you can also apply it to the lips to prevent cracking.